The concept of ecosystem services was mainstreamed in the scientific world after publishing the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2005. Soon biodiversity policies integrated ecosystem services at an international- and EU-level, as well as a new intergovernmental panel was established for the sake of integrating the concept into policies (Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, http://www.ipbes.net/). The Biodiversity Strategy of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 defines the national biodiversity strategies for Romania as well. Assessing ecosystem services, using them in a sustainable way, halting their loss, internalizing them and integrating them into decision-making processes was also set as a target of the mentioned strategies. At the sectorial level, we analyse how certain ecosystem services contribute to the profit and sustainability of the sectors like forestry, agriculture, fishing, tourism and what roles these sectors have to protect these services for their future sustainable operation.
At the regional and national level, we analyse the integration of ecosystem service conservation to current national policies, identify solutions to stop the deterioration of ecosystems and their services and provide recommendations for policy development and implementation.
At the EU level, we provide contributions to the so-called European Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services (MAES) process, which is part of the Target 2 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020. Providing an actual case study applying MAES methods, we are acting as one of the first Romanian exemplar of a regional mapping and assessment.